Food Poisoning : Symptoms, What To Do, Treatment

A food poisoning occurs when food is eaten in poor condition. It can be foods that have expired or that have not been well preserved or contaminated food intake during handling. Digestive problems in summer are the product of high temperatures and increased consumption of fresh products, which makes it easier to pollute and proliferate pathogenic germs. You suffer from food poisoning, what to do?
food poisoning

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Food Poisoning Symptoms

The most characteristic symptoms of food poisoning are:

  • Strong stomach pain with or without heartburn and reflux.
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea.
  • Dehydration
  • Sickness.
They appear during the 2-4 hours after the ingestion and the first to appear can be more nonspecific as malaise or fever. They can be serious and last for a long time, although it will depend to a large extent on the patient's previous health status.

People who suffer from irritable bowel syndrome are more vulnerable to this type of intoxication, but they should be able to differentiate if it is a food that usually harms them or something else.

If you have eaten several dishes, you should discard those that have eaten the others and are not affected. The most frequent poisonings are:

  • Intoxication by fish and shellfish.
  • Egg poisoning.
  • Intoxication due to dairy products and sauces in poor condition.
  • Intoxication due to poor hygiene of fruits and vegetables (eaten raw).

Food Infection

A food (stomach) infection is different than an intoxication. It is produced by the proliferation of bacteria (salmonella, listeria) or virus (hepatitis, rotavirus) that are present in food. It has similar symptoms: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, chills ...

Intoxication is a clinical manifestation of the toxic substances ingested, but it does not always have to be an infection. Gastroenteritis, however, is.

Food Poisoning Treatment

  • Keep hydration. Especially if you have vomiting and liquid diarrhea. Drink small sips, water with lemon, infusions or some broth without fats, to replenish water. It is especially important in children and the elderly.
  • Rest in bed. It is the best way to recover.
  • The first hours, do not eat anything. Rest the stomach and give your defenses time to get rid of the invader. Then you should go replenishing energy and start with a soft and clean diet.

Foods against diarrhea:

  • Rice, potato, toast, boiled fish or grilled chicken, roasted apple or banana.
  • Avoid dairy products (except yogurt), fruits and vegetables and whole grains.
Take probiotics to recover the bacterial flora that will have been lost in diarrhea. Like for example skimmed yogurt and without sugar.

Remember that there are herbs, seeds and roots that have been used for centuries and that can help you recover better. They are, for example:

The Melissa that prevents spasms of the stomach and therefore relieves the pain.

  • Ginger reduces nausea and improves later inappetence.
  • The fennel that calms the intestine and prevents gas.
  • Chamomile that helps to vomit and prevents cramps.
  • The honey that mixed with a tea or chamomile helps you to finish making your digestion stagnant.
  • Apple cider vinegar with warm water that by its alkaline nature balances the pH and prevents vomiting.
Ask your doctor if the symptoms of food poisoning do not improve in 24-48 hours, if the fever is very high, if you do not retain even the fluids or if you just urinate. Timely action can prevent you from needing hospital admission for dehydration or malnutrition.

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